January 14, 2019


This free application displays the full Amharic Fidel (ፊደል) and pronounces each letter. In addition to the full Fidel, the application also features tabs for Abugida. uh*, oo, ee, aa/a, ae/ay, eh, O. h. ሀ. ha. ሁ. hu. ሂ. hee. ሃ. haa. ሄ. hae. ህ. heh. ሆ. ho. l. ለ. le. ሉ. lu. ሊ. lee. ላ. la. ሌ. lay. ል. leh. ሎ. lo. h. ሐ. ha. ሑ. hu. ሒ. hee. ሓ. haa. The Amharic Machine shows you how to write any word or sentence in Amharic Amharic is written with a version of the Ge’ez script known as Fidel. There is.

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Subscription or UK public library membership required. Molla create programs rendering each glyph of the alphabet with only two keystrokes. The dawn of the computer age saw pioneers such as Dr. In Amharic, the adjective precedes the noun, with the verb last; e.

North Ge’ez Tigrinya Tigre Dahalik. Ge’ez script Amharic syllabary Ge’ez Braille. Adjectives can be nominalized by way of suffixing the nominal article see Nouns above. The feminine gender is not only used to indicate biological gender, but fidl also be used to express smallness, e. The Amharic script is an abugidaand the graphemes of the Amuaric writing system are called fidel.

There is no standard way to transliterate Amharic into the Latin alphabet. Wikibooks has a book on the topic of: Besides number, as in English, Amharic also distinguishes masculine and feminine gender in the singular.

Ethiopian Alphabet: Amharic Letters and the Alphabet in Ethiopia

West Semitic and Central Semitic languages. Ge’ez Tigrinya Tigre Dahalik. Amharic is the second most spoken Semitic language in the world, after Arabic, and the “official working” language of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia.


This property of the writing system is analogous to the vowels of Arabic and Hebrew or the tones of many Bantu languages, which are not normally indicated in writing. You may notice that some consonants appear more than once in the alphabet, for example “h” appears four times. This is because these fidel originally represented distinct sounds, but phonological changes merged them.

Amharic verbs often have additional morphology that indicates the person, number, and second- and third-person singular gender of the object of the verb.

Here are a few simple sentences: Sometimes combinations of the two systems are found.

When the subject or object in such sentences is emphasized, an independent amhharic is used: Eastern Egyptian and Peninsular Bedawi. One may construct simple Amharic sentences by using a subject and a predicate. The singular pronouns have combining forms beginning with zz instead of y when they follow a preposition: The Ethiopian alphabet or Amharic letters is also known as Ethiopic or Geez is one of the oldest used in the world.

Amharic alphabet

The basic shapes are altered in various ways to indicate a different vowel following the base consonant. Journal of African Languages and Linguistics.

The 33 shapes are changed to point out a different vowel which follows the base consonant. In an Ethiopic rendering method for computers using a keystroke for the default and a maximum of two keystrokes for the rest of the glyphs was granted a patent by the U.

Amharic Alphabets – ፊደላት in Amharic

For arguments of the verb other than the subject or the object, there are two separate sets of related suffixes, one with a benefactive meaning toforthe other with an adversative or locative meaning againstto the detriment ofonat. For a guide to IPA symbols, see Help: But this amahric comes with its own disadvantages. The Amharic letters or alphabets are usually seen in a grid format with the vowels lined up horizontally and the consonants vertically.


Mittwoch described a form of Amharic spoken by the descendants of Weyto language speakers, [25] but it was likely not a dialect of Amharic so much as the result of incomplete language learning as the community shifted languages from Weyto to Amharic.

Amharic is also known to be the second most widely spoken Semitic language in the world. Fiel Aklilu has pointed out that Amharic has inherited a large number of old plural forms directly from Classical Ethiopic Ge’ez Leslau The Amharic script is included in Unicode, and glyphs are included in fonts available with major operating systems.

This means that each letter or symbol usually represents a whole syllable.

Along with the infinitive and the present participle, the gerund is one of three non-finite verb forms. In general, if the object is definite, possessed, or a proper noun, the accusative must be used Leslau There are several ways to express gender. Handbook of the IPA. Fdel singular forms, this article distinguishes between the male and female gender; in plural forms this distinction is absent, and all definites are marked with – ue.

Amharic Alphabet Amharic is the second most spoken Semitic language in the world, after Arabic, and the “official working” language of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia. Not to be confused with the Aramaic language or [[Amara language]].

There are thirty three basic shapes. This page was last edited on 30 Decemberat By using these grid systems, one can easily learn the Ethiopian alphabet. Without proper rendering supportyou may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode characters.